Macaca ubuntu16.04 Eclipse 尝试 Macaca Java 记

小马 · 2016年08月19日 · 最后由 gang 回复于 2016年09月11日 · 193 次阅读

一 先配置好 Eclipse 及其相关的 maven 插件和 git 插件等和 android 开发环境

当然还有 ubuntu 环境下的 macaca-cli 和各种驱动 等 macaca 执行环境,请参考ubuntu16.04 环境折腾 macaca 总结记
此处省略,自行度娘 谷哥.许久之前就配置好了,这次是直接拿来用的.

二 创建 Macaca Java 项目的三种方式

2.1 Eclipse 导入已存在的 maven 项目

2.1.1 Eclipse 中 Git 仓库的 clone a git repository

Eclipse 中 Git 仓库的 clone a git repository 项目到本地 git 仓库
或者直接下载项目的 zip 包到本地解压,再导入已存在的 Maven 项目.下载地址 https://github.com/macacajs/wd.java

打开 Eclipse 导入 /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/ 已存在的 Maven 项目. 参考 https://hacpai.com/article/1358680207381
首先开一终端 macaca server --verbose
然后选中项目 macacaclient 右键 Run as ->Maven Test. 这时 Eclipse Console 控制台会输出.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...

[INFO]                                                                         

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

[INFO] Building macacaclient 1.0.0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

[INFO] 

[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ macacaclient ---

[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!

[INFO] Copying 1 resource

[INFO] 

[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ macacaclient ---

[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!

[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding UTF-8, i.e. build is platform dependent!

[INFO] Compiling 20 source files to /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/classes

[INFO] 

[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ macacaclient ---

[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!

[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/src/test/resources

[INFO] 

[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ macacaclient ---

[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!

[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding UTF-8, i.e. build is platform dependent!

[INFO] Compiling 1 source file to /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/test-classes

[INFO] 

[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ macacaclient ---

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.12.4/surefire-booter-2.12.4.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.12.4/surefire-booter-2.12.4.pom (3 KB at 1.4 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.12.4/surefire-api-2.12.4.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.12.4/surefire-api-2.12.4.pom (3 KB at 1.9 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/maven-surefire-common/2.12.4/maven-surefire-common-2.12.4.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/maven-surefire-common/2.12.4/maven-surefire-common-2.12.4.pom (6 KB at 10.7 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugin-tools/maven-plugin-annotations/3.1/maven-plugin-annotations-3.1.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugin-tools/maven-plugin-annotations/3.1/maven-plugin-annotations-3.1.pom (2 KB at 3.1 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugin-tools/maven-plugin-tools/3.1/maven-plugin-tools-3.1.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/plugin-tools/maven-plugin-tools/3.1/maven-plugin-tools-3.1.pom (16 KB at 19.7 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/reporting/maven-reporting-api/2.0.9/maven-reporting-api-2.0.9.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/reporting/maven-reporting-api/2.0.9/maven-reporting-api-2.0.9.pom (2 KB at 3.1 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/reporting/maven-reporting/2.0.9/maven-reporting-2.0.9.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/reporting/maven-reporting/2.0.9/maven-reporting-2.0.9.pom (2 KB at 2.5 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/maven-toolchain/2.0.9/maven-toolchain-2.0.9.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/maven-toolchain/2.0.9/maven-toolchain-2.0.9.pom (4 KB at 5.9 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/commons/commons-lang3/3.1/commons-lang3-3.1.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/commons/commons-lang3/3.1/commons-lang3-3.1.pom (17 KB at 28.0 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/shared/maven-common-artifact-filters/1.3/maven-common-artifact-filters-1.3.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/shared/maven-common-artifact-filters/1.3/maven-common-artifact-filters-1.3.pom (4 KB at 6.3 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/shared/maven-shared-components/12/maven-shared-components-12.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/shared/maven-shared-components/12/maven-shared-components-12.pom (10 KB at 15.8 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/maven-parent/13/maven-parent-13.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/maven-parent/13/maven-parent-13.pom (23 KB at 38.0 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/apache/6/apache-6.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/apache/6/apache-6.pom (13 KB at 21.2 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/codehaus/plexus/plexus-container-default/1.0-alpha-9/plexus-container-default-1.0-alpha-9.pom

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/codehaus/plexus/plexus-container-default/1.0-alpha-9/plexus-container-default-1.0-alpha-9.pom (2 KB at 1.1 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.12.4/surefire-booter-2.12.4.jar

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-booter/2.12.4/surefire-booter-2.12.4.jar (34 KB at 38.1 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.12.4/surefire-api-2.12.4.jar

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-api/2.12.4/surefire-api-2.12.4.jar (115 KB at 67.9 KB/sec)

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/maven-surefire-common/2.12.4/maven-surefire-common-2.12.4.jar

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[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/commons/commons-lang3/3.1/commons-lang3-3.1.jar

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[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/codehaus/plexus/plexus-utils/3.0.8/plexus-utils-3.0.8.jar

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[INFO] Surefire report directory: /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/surefire-reports

[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.pom

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[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-providers/2.12.4/surefire-providers-2.12.4.pom

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[INFO] Downloading: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.jar

[INFO] Downloaded: https://repo.maven.apache.org/maven2/org/apache/maven/surefire/surefire-junit4/2.12.4/surefire-junit4-2.12.4.jar (37 KB at 31.6 KB/sec)


-------------------------------------------------------

 T E S T S

-------------------------------------------------------

Running macaca.client.SampleTest

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.637 sec

Results :
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

[INFO] Total time: 41.531 s

[INFO] Finished at: 2016-08-19T11:02:45+08:00

[INFO] Final Memory: 18M/293M

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

如此便执行跑成功了原项目里自带的 SampleTest.java 。说明运行环境搭建正常。

2.1.2 git clone 方式 wd.java

cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ cd ..
cmd@TR:~/workspace/git$ ls -al
总用量 8
drwxrwxrwx 2 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 13:54 .
drwxrwxr-x 6 cmd cmd 4096 8月  19 11:12 ..
cmd@TR:~/workspace/git$ git clone https://github.com/macacajs/wd.java.git
正克隆到 'wd.java'...
remote: Counting objects: 977, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (221/221), done.
remote: Total 977 (delta 174), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 750
接收对象中: 100% (977/977), 294.54 KiB | 343.00 KiB/s, 完成.
处理 delta 中: 100% (691/691), 完成.
检查连接... 完成。
cmd@TR:~/workspace/git$ cd wd.java/
cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ ls -al
总用量 44
drwxrwxr-x 5 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 13:55 .
drwxrwxrwx 3 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 13:55 ..
drwxrwxr-x 4 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 13:55 doc
drwxrwxr-x 8 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 13:55 .git
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  100 8月  23 13:55 .gitignore
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd 1100 8月  23 13:55 LICENSE
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd 1312 8月  23 13:55 pom.xml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  591 8月  23 13:55 README.md
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd 1074 8月  23 13:55 settings.xml
drwxrwxr-x 4 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 13:55 src
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  114 8月  23 13:55 .travis.yml
cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ git pull
Already up-to-date.
cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ mvn -s settings.xml clean install
[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]                                                                         
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building macacaclient 1.0.0
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ macacaclient ---
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ macacaclient ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 1 resource
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.2:compile (default-compile) @ macacaclient ---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding UTF-8, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 21 source files to /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/classes
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ macacaclient ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (UTF-8 actually) to copy filtered resources, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/src/test/resources
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.2:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ macacaclient ---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding UTF-8, i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 1 source file to /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/test-classes
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.17:test (default-test) @ macacaclient ---
[INFO] Surefire report directory: /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/surefire-reports

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running macaca.client.SampleTest
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.346 sec - in macaca.client.SampleTest

Results :

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-jar-plugin:2.4:jar (default-jar) @ macacaclient ---
[INFO] Building jar: /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/macacaclient-1.0.0.jar
[INFO] 
[INFO] --- maven-install-plugin:2.5.2:install (default-install) @ macacaclient ---
[INFO] Installing /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/target/macacaclient-1.0.0.jar to /home/cmd/.m2/repository/macaca/webdriver/client/macacaclient/1.0.0/macacaclient-1.0.0.jar
[INFO] Installing /home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/pom.xml to /home/cmd/.m2/repository/macaca/webdriver/client/macacaclient/1.0.0/macacaclient-1.0.0.pom
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 2.910 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2016-08-23T13:58:10+08:00
[INFO] Final Memory: 21M/305M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

如此也可执行跑成功了原项目里自带的 SampleTest.java 。说明运行环境搭建正常。
以上 2.1 节的构建项目方式的好处就是可以调试 debug wd.java 提供的源码或改造源码,进而更打造适合本公司项目相结合的 UI 自动化。

利用 mvn 命令行跑脚本

1 编辑修改 SampleTest.java
https://github.com/macacajs/macaca-test-sample-java/blob/master/src/test/java/macaca/client/SampleTest.java 替换 SampleTest.java
这里改成 porps.put("browserName", "chrome"); 或者完全改成自己项目的脚本都可以。

2 参考官方说明执行
https://github.com/macacajs/macaca-test-sample-java

先 开一终端

cmd@TR:~$ macaca server --verbose

>> index.js:17:12 [master] pid:1362 webdriver server start with config:

 { port: 3456,

  verbose: true,

  always: true,

  ip: '192.168.66.113',

  host: 'TR',

  loaded_time: '2016-08-19 11:21:51' }

>> middlewares.js:17:10 [master] pid:1362 base middlewares attached

>> router.js:108:10 [master] pid:1362 router set

>> webdriver sdk launched

然后开另一终端

cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ mvn -s settings.xml clean install

程序“mvn”尚未安装。 您可以使用以下命令安装:

sudo apt install maven

cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ sudo apt install maven

最后再执行 cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ mvn -s settings.xml clean install
再 cmd@TR:~/workspace/git/wd.java$ mvn test   

日志略。
这样就成功运行了脚本 SampleTest.java 了.然后你就可以改造来跑自己项目的脚本了.

你可以修改 SampleTest.java 也可以新建新的 java class 测试类,然后拷贝到项目环境/home/cmd/workspace/git/wd.java/ 执行 mvn test -Dtest=macaca.client.H5MobileTest 来运行。

2.2 git clone 方式 macaca-test-sample-java

cmd@TR:~/macaca$  git clone  https://github.com/macacajs/macaca-test-sample-java.git
正克隆到 'macaca-test-sample-java'...
remote: Counting objects: 72, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (26/26), done.
remote: Total 72 (delta 27), reused 69 (delta 26), pack-reused 0
展开对象中: 100% (72/72), 完成.
检查连接... 完成。
cmd@TR:~/macaca$ cd macaca-test-sample-java
cmd@TR:~/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java$ ls -al
总用量 44
drwxrwxr-x 4 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 12:53 .
drwxr-xr-x 4 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 12:53 ..
drwxrwxr-x 8 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 12:53 .git
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  100 8月  23 12:53 .gitignore
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd 1100 8月  23 12:53 LICENSE
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  229 8月  23 12:53 Makefile
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd 1383 8月  23 12:53 pom.xml
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  439 8月  23 12:53 README.md
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  910 8月  23 12:53 settings.xml
drwxrwxr-x 3 cmd cmd 4096 8月  23 12:53 src
-rw-rw-r-- 1 cmd cmd  346 8月  23 12:53 .travis.yml

接下来就很简单了,
/home/cmd/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java/src/test/java/macaca/client 下修改 SampleTest.java 为 porps.put("browserName", "chrome");
然后就是
mvn -s settings.xml clean install
和 mvn test

所以还是此种方式好些,你可以在 Eclipse 编写 ***Test.java 或改写 SampleTest.java 然后复制到/home/cmd/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java/src/test/java/macaca/client 此处.
当有 settings.xml 更新时 只需要 git pull 来获取最新 和 mvn -s settings.xml clean install 来更新.原团队作者也建议如此弄,不建议在 Eclipse 中的 wd.java 项目下弄.

如果你在 Eclipse 自建的本地 maven 项目下或者是已导入已存在的 maven 项目下,自建了其它个人的 java 测试类如 H5MobileTest.java 或 H5WebTest.java 也可以复制到 macaca-test-sample-java/src/test/java/macaca/client 此处.但是要注意修改代码里的 package macaca.client; 保持与 macaca-test-sample-java 一致.这样也可以 mvn test -Dtest=macaca.client.H5MobileTest 来执行.

这种方式,个人感觉比较适合 macaca 测试执行服务环境的部署和维护。

2.3 maven 的 pom 和 settings 设置 创建个人的 macaca java 项目

已补充 ubuntu16.04 Eclipse 使用 Maven pom 和 settings 创建本地 macaca java 项目记

如果你不需要调试 debug wd.java 的源码,只想利用 macaca java 来编写 UI 自动化脚本,这种创建和维护方式是适合你的。

总结:

此三种方式均测试通过

git 仓库或 git clone 下来的 wd.java
Eclipse 构建项目方式的好处就是可以调试 debug wd.java 提供的源码或改造源码,进而更打造适合本公司项目相结合的 UI 自动化。

git clone 方式或直接下载解压 macaca-test-sample-java 的
这种方式,个人感觉比较适合 macaca 测试执行服务环境的部署和维护。可以只需要 macaca-cli macaca 各种驱动安装好 当然还有 mvn 等执行环境部署好后,直接
把编写好的 java 测试类,cp 到脚本目录/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java/src/test/java/macaca/client
cmd@TR:~/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java$ mvn test 或 mvn test -Dtest=macaca.client.H5MobileTest 即可执行了. (此处要注意修改 package macaca.client; )

maven 的 pom 和 settings 设置 创建个人的 macaca java 项目
如果你不需要调试 debug wd.java 的源码,只想利用 macaca java 来编写 UI 自动化脚本,这种创建和维护方式是适合你的。

不知道 理解的还 对不对 有高人的话还请指点

更多信息请参考 wiki 汇总

小马的 macaca 入门指引合集

更多的关于 wd.java 样例学习可参考 wd.java 的作者的样例:

https://github.com/Yinxl/bootstrap
这个例子很好 common 里 提取了一些公共 可复用部分

如果觉得我的文章对您有用,请随意打赏。您的支持将鼓励我继续创作!
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虽然我讨厌 linux 和 maven,但还是要顶一个!!

小马 [该话题已被删除] 中提及了此贴 08月26日 12:07
小马 [该话题已被删除] 中提及了此贴 08月30日 08:29

git 仓库或 git clone 下来的 wd.java
Eclipse 构建项目方式的好处就是可以调试 debug wd.java 提供的源码或改造源码,进而更打造适合本公司项目相结合的 UI 自动化。

git clone 方式或直接下载解压 macaca-test-sample-java 的
这种方式,个人感觉比较适合 macaca 测试执行服务环境的部署和维护。可以只需要 macaca-cli macaca 各种驱动安装好 当然还有 mvn 等执行环境部署好后,直接
把编写好的 java 测试类,cp 到脚本目录/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java/src/test/java/macaca/client
cmd@TR:~/macaca/macaca-test-sample-java$ mvn test 或 mvn test -Dtest=macaca.client.H5Mobile 即可执行了. (此处要注意修改 package macaca.client; )

maven 的 pom 和 settings 设置 创建个人的 macaca java 项目
如果你不需要调试 debug wd.java 的源码,只想利用 macaca java 来编写 UI 自动化脚本,这种创建和维护方式是适合你的。

不知道 理解的还 对不对 有高人的话还请指点

额,一定要 Eclipse 么。。

小马 win10 环境 Eclipse macaca java 使用记 中提及了此贴 11月21日 10:47
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