专项:Android内存泄露实践分析

定义

​ 内存泄漏也称作“存储渗漏”,用动态存储分配函数动态开辟的空间,在使用完毕后未释放,结果导致一直占据该内存单元。直到程序结束。(其实说白了就是该内存空间使用完毕之后未回收)即所谓内存泄漏。

内存泄漏形象的比喻是“操作系统可提供给所有进程的存储空间正在被某个进程榨干”,最终结果是程序运行时间越长,占用存储空间越来越多,最终用尽全部存储空间,整个系统崩溃。所以“内存泄漏”是从操作系统的角度来看的。这里的存储空间并不是指物理内存,而是指虚拟内存大小,这个虚拟内存大小取决于磁盘交换区设定的大小。由程序申请的一块内存,如果没有任何一个指针指向它,那么这块内存就泄漏了。

​ ——来自《百度百科》

影响

成效

内存泄露实施后,项目的收获:

类型

技巧

分析

原理

根本原因

怎么解决

实践分析

方案

实践(示例)

Bitmap泄露

Bitmap泄露一般会泄露较多内存,视图片大小、位图而定

App启动图Activity的onDestroy()中及时回收内存

@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
super.onDestroy();
recycleImageView(imgv_load_ad);
}

public static void recycleImageView(View view){
if(view==null) return;
if(view instanceof ImageView){
Drawable drawable=((ImageView) view).getDrawable();
if(drawable instanceof BitmapDrawable){
Bitmap bmp = ((BitmapDrawable)drawable).getBitmap();
if (bmp != null && !bmp.isRecycled()){
((ImageView) view).setImageBitmap(null);
bmp.recycle();
bmp=null;
}
}
}
}

IO流未关闭

public static void copyFile(File source, File dest) {
FileChannel inChannel = null;
FileChannel outChannel = null;
Log.i(TAG, "source path: " + source.getAbsolutePath());
Log.i(TAG, "dest path: " + dest.getAbsolutePath());
try {
inChannel = new FileInputStream(source).getChannel();
outChannel = new FileOutputStream(dest).getChannel();
inChannel.transferTo(0, inChannel.size(), outChannel);
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
public static void copyFile(File source, File dest) {
FileChannel inChannel = null;
FileChannel outChannel = null;
Log.i(TAG, "source path: " + source.getAbsolutePath());
Log.i(TAG, "dest path: " + dest.getAbsolutePath());
try {
inChannel = new FileInputStream(source).getChannel();
outChannel = new FileOutputStream(dest).getChannel();
inChannel.transferTo(0, inChannel.size(), outChannel);
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
if (inChannel != null) {
try {
inChannel.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
if (outChannel != null) {
try {
outChannel.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}
}
E/StrictMode: A resource was acquired at attached stack trace but never released. 
See java.io.Closeable for information on avoiding resource leaks.
java.lang.Throwable: Explicit termination method 'close' not called
at dalvik.system.CloseGuard.open(CloseGuard.java:180)
at java.io.FileOutputStream.<init>(FileOutputStream.java:89)
at java.io.FileOutputStream.<init>(FileOutputStream.java:72)
at com.heyniu.lock.utils.FileUtil.copyFile(FileUtil.java:44)
at com.heyniu.lock.db.BackupData.backupData(BackupData.java:89)
at com.heyniu.lock.ui.HomeActivity$11.onClick(HomeActivity.java:675)
at android.support.v7.app.AlertController$ButtonHandler.handleMessage(AlertController.java:157)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:148)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5417)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:726)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:616)

单例模式泄露

ActivityUtil.getAppManager().add(this);
public void add(Activity activity) {
if (activityStack == null) {
synchronized (ActivityUtil.class){
if (activityStack == null) {
activityStack = new Stack<>();
}
}
}
activityStack.add(activity);
}
@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
ActivityUtil.getAppManager().remove(this);
}

静态变量持有Context实例泄露

private static HttpRequest req;
public static void HttpUtilPost(Context context, int TaskId, String url, String requestBody,ArrayList<HttpHeader> Headers, RequestListener listener) {
// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
req = new HttpRequest(context, url, TaskId, requestBody, Headers, listener);
req.post();
}

Context泄露

Callback泄露

服务未解绑注册泄露

private void initSensor() {
// 获取传感器管理器
sm = (SensorManager) container.activity.getSystemService(Context.SENSOR_SERVICE);
// 获取距离传感器
acceleromererSensor = sm.getDefaultSensor(Sensor.TYPE_PROXIMITY);
// 设置传感器监听器
acceleromererListener = new SensorEventListener() {
......
};
sm.registerListener(acceleromererListener, acceleromererSensor, SensorManager.SENSOR_DELAY_NORMAL);
}
@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
sm.unregisterListener(acceleromererListener,acceleromererSensor);
}

Handler泄露

handler.sendEmptyMessage(0);
@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
handler.removeCallbacksAndMessages(null);
}

异步线程泄露

new Thread() {
public void run() {
imageArray = loadImageFromUrl(imageUrl);
}.start();
thread = new Thread() {
public void run() {
imageArray = loadImageFromUrl(imageUrl);
};
thread.start();

@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
super.onDestroy();
if(thread != null){
thread.interrupt();
thread = null;
}
}

后面

未完待续。。。


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